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Termed as the business capital of Assam, Tinsukia is situated in the northern part of Assam. Being the business capital of the state, Tinsukia has grown up to be commercially a very strong one. Tinsukia is one of the 27 administrative districts of Assam, that occupies an area of around 3790 square kilometers. On the south eastern side, Tinsukia is bordered by Arunachal Pradesh at a distance of 84 kms and on the northern side and south-western side by Dhemaji district and Dibrugarh district respectively.
During the olden times, Tinsukia was known as Bengmora, when it was ruled by the Matak king, Sarbananda Singha. The name Tinsukia is derived from ‘Tinkunia pukhuri’ which means pond with three sides.
History of Tinsukia:
Prior to Bengmora, it was known as Changmai Pathar and was also the capital of Muttack Kingdom. The construction of Tinsukia also has a very deep history. During the reign of King Sarbananda, Godha Baruah dug a pond which was triangular shaped. Bator pukhuri, Mahdhuwa pukhuri, Logoni pukhuri, Kumbhi pukhuri, Da dharua pukhuri, etc. Gradually, with the passage of time, in 1882 the Dibru-Sadiya railway track was constructed alongside ‘Tinikunia pukhuri’ and so later it was named as Tinsukia. With the inception of the name, the city came to be soon known as Tinsukia.
It was in the year 1989 that Tinsukia was split from Dibrugarh and the 23rd district of Assam came into existence then.
It was in the year 1823, that the British discovered tea plants in Sadiya, and hence the first tea plantation was started in Chabua near Tinsukia. The name Chubua itself is derived from ‘Chah’ meaning tea and ‘bua’ means planting.
Demography of Tinsukia:
Tinsukia is a city mixed with culture of people of different caste, creed, language and religion. The population of Tinsukia is 1,08,123 as per the census of the year 2011. The literacy rate of Tinsukia is 81%. The percentage of male and female in the city is 55% and 45% respectively.
Economy of Tinsukia:
Considered as the commercial city of the state, Tinsukia is primarily known for the production of tea and wood products. With the passage of time, the city has also grown up a few malls and commercial hub centres. Daily bazaar, Rangagora road and chamber road are some of the famous hubs and malls around the city. Coal mines are also found there in Margherita and Ledo and also oil refinery in Digboi.
Transport in Tinsukia:
The transport system in Tinsukia is very developed for it is accessible via air, road and railway. It is just a mere 532 kms away from the capital of the state, Dispur. The nearest airport is around 40 kms away from Tinsukia which is at Mohanbari, Dibrugarh with regular flights from important cities like Delhi, Guwahati and Kolkata.
Tourism in Tinsukia:
The tourism sector of Tinsukia is quite rich in the fact that it has some historic sites, temples and also wildlife parks. Tinsukia has wildlife parks such as the Dibru Saikhowa Park which is famous for birds and has over 350 species of avi fauna which provides as a habitat for globally threatened species. Wild horses, white-winged duck are some of the wonderful animal species found here. Another wildlife sanctuary found here is the Dihing Patkai Wildlife Sanctuary. Digboi located in Tinsukia is another town in Tinsukia that boasts of a hundred year old oil field and an operating oil refinery which is the oldest. Among the temples, Tilinga Mandir is a famous temple which is considered to be one of the oldest in the history of Assam.
National Oil Park in Digboi is a museum cum wildlife sanctuary which is filled with unsurpassed beauty. The park has been kept unDer full supervision and hence it continues to be one of the treasured tourist spots of Tinsukia. Rare species of birds can be found in the sanctuary. War cemetery in Digboi is a place of historical significance since during the World War II, the Japanese soldiers came marching to Digboi within a distance of three days. A visit to the War cemetery bring back the memories of the past in a flash.
Margherita is another place in Tinsukia that boasts of tea gardens, coal mines, plywood factories and many beautiful scenic spots by the side of the river Dihing. Digboi, around tinsukia has as many as eight golf courses making it a wonderful golfing resort area.