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Dibru Saikhowa National Park

Dibru Saikhowa is a national park which is located in Tinsukia district at a distance of 12 kms. from the town.Banashree Eco camps tinsukia The park is also a biosphere reserve and is surrounded by the rivers Brahmaputra and Lohit in the northern side and by the river Dibru in the southern side. The park mainly consists of semi-evergreen forests, deciduous forests and grasslands.

Dibru saikhowa is considered as the largest salix swamp forest in the entire of north-east India. Being in the flood plains of river Lohit and Brahmaputra and at an altitude of 118 meters above the sea level, Dibru saikhowa is a totally safe and danger free zone for endangered species. Thanks to the auto stocking by river Brahmaputra and river lohit, Dibru Saikhowa is also a fish diverse area.

Climate of Dibru Saikhowa:

Dibru saikhowa has tropical monsoon climate with very hot summer and high humidity and cool and usually dry winter. The annual rainfall in Dibru saikhowa ranges from 2300 mm to 3800 mm. the rainy season in this part of the area is June to September. Hottest months in here are June, July, August and September and the coldest months are December and January and the minimum and maximum temperatures here are 7°C and 34°C respectively.

Wildlife in Dibru Saikhowa Park:

The wildlife in Dibru saikhowa national park is very rich and majestic. The landscape of the park is very scintillating and incredible with strong wildlife components and being an Eastern Himalaya Biodiversity hot spot. The magical beauty of the wildlife and its amazing fauna and flora is a wonderful manifestation of God and its flawless creation. The nature makes people spellbound by its songs of singing birds, sound of the streaming rivers and the tranquility of the jungle.

The ecosystem of the park includes mammals, reptiles, birds, fish, amphibians, insects and butterflies. As has been surveyed earlier, there are around 104 species of fish, 43 species of reptiles, 502 species of Asiatic Buffalobirds, 105 species of butterflies and 680 species of plants. A total of twelve species of mammals which is recorded in the park are listed in the Schedule I of the Indian Wildlife 9Protection) Act, 1972. Some of the species of these mammals are Asiatic wild buffalo, hoolock gibbon, capped languor, tiger, elephant and slow loris.

The park is also filled with some amazing species of birds such as white winged duck, white rumped vulture, marsh babbler, black breasted parrot bill, etc. which are just a few of the different endangered species. A whopping 25% of the total endangered species of birds have been found in Dibru Saikhowa national Park. Recent figures show that there are an estimated 324 elephants, 31 tigers, 400 wild buffaloes, 836 Assamese macaques and 48 feral horses.

As per recent survey figures, there are estimated to be 324 elephants, 31 tigers, 836 Assamese Macaques, more than 400 wild buffaloes and 48 feral horses in the Park. The varied vegetation and grasslands have provided for a very favorable habitat for the animals here in the park.

The destruction of the habitats by cutting trees is a huge threat to the wildlife surviving in the sanctuaries. Some of the forest villages around the area are Laika village, Pamua village and Dodhia village. The people resifinf in these villages are highly dependent on the natural resources of the park for their daily needs. The people of the villages have easy access to the park and can easily exploit its natural wealth and resources that needs a proper check.

It is however, a matter of wonder that the park is accessible only by foot. The forest department is lacking in proper organized system due to which the entire park and its residents have been affected. Furthermore, conflicts and clashes between the forest officials and the locals have negatively affected the ongoing projects in the sanctuaries. However, talks are going on in order make this a better place for the animals as well as the people visiting the park. With the increasing number of tigers, the park may well become a Tiger reserve with proper efforts and dedication. In addition to that, the park also meets all the criteria required for a World Heritage Site, hence the government has taken up steps in order to take up the matter with the World heritage committee.

The entry to the park is via Guijan and Saikhowawhich are well connected by road, railways and air with the rest of the world. Tourists can also easily avail of the lodging facilities here. Good quality eco-camps and resorts are available around the place such as Banashree, Waves and Canopus. Apart from these, there are also luxurious lodging facilities available within the forest vicinity such as Ajokha, Kathalbam, Kolomy, Kalia and Kundaghat. With the availability of the basic amenities, tourists can easily visit the place and look around the place with ease and without any trouble. In coming times, the place will undergo various changes and things would develop to turn the tourist spot into a much better place. Considering the different kinds of projects going on in order to make the park a better place, a far better and beautiful wildlife sanctuary can be expected.

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